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Saturday Morning Science, the science of opportunity series of applied experiments and demonstrations, performed aboard the International Space Station (ISS) by Expedition 6 astronaut Dr. Don Pettit, revealed some remarkable findings. In this video clip, Pettit demonstrates laminar flow in a rotating film of water. The demonstration is done by placing tracer particles in a water film held in place by a round wire loop, then stirring the system rotationally. The resulting flow clearly...
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Topics: What -- Opportunity, What -- International Space Station (ISS), What -- WIRE
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3880
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The crowning achievement for the Saturn V rocket came when it launched Apollo 11 astronauts, Neil Armstrong, Edwin (Buzz) Aldrin, and Michael Collins, to the Moon in July 1969. In this photograph, astronaut Aldrin takes his first step onto the surface of the Moon.
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Topics: Who -- Neil A. Armstrong, Who -- Buzz Aldrin, Who -- Michael Collins, What -- Saturn, What --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1859
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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In this video, astronaut Peggy Whitson uses the Human Research Facility (HRF) Ultrasound Imaging System in the Destiny Laboratory of the International Space Station (ISS) to image her own heart. The Ultrasound Imaging System provides three-dimension image enlargement of the heart and other organs, muscles, and blood vessels. It is capable of high resolution imaging in a wide range of applications, both research and diagnostic, such as Echocardiography (ultrasound of the heart), abdominal,...
Topics: Who -- Peggy Whitson, What -- Destiny, What -- International Space Station (ISS)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3887
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Chief astronaut and director of flight crew operations, Donald K. Slayton (right front) reviews lunar charts with Apollo 11 astronauts Michael Collins (left), Neil Armstrong, and Edwin Aldrin (next to Slayton) during breakfast a short time before the three men launched for the first Moon landing mission. Sharing breakfast with the crew was William Anders (left rear), Lunar Module pilot for the Apollo 8 lunar orbit mission. The Apollo 11 mission launched from the NASA Kennedy Space Center (KSC)...
Topics: Who -- Michael Collins, Who -- Neil A. Armstrong, Who -- William Anders, What -- Apollo 11, What --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=4064
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Dr. von Braun inside the KC-135 in flight. The KC-135 provide NASA's Reduced-Gravity Program the unique weightlessness or zero-g environment of space flight for testing and training of human and hardware reactions. The recent version, KC-135A, is a specially modified turbojet transport which flies parabolic arcs to produce weightlessness periods of 20 to 25 seconds and its cargo bay test area is approximately 60 feet long, 10 feet wide, and 7 feet high.
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1477
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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In this Apollo 17 onboard photo, Lunar Module pilot Harrison H. Schmitt collects rock samples from a huge boulder near the Valley of Tourus-Littrow on the lunar surface. The seventh and last manned lunar landing and return to Earth mission, the Apollo 17, carrying a crew of three astronauts: Schmitt; Mission Commander Eugene A. Cernan; and Command Module pilot Ronald E. Evans, lifted off on December 7, 1972 from the Kennedy Space Flight Center (KSC). Scientific objectives of the Apollo 17...
Topics: Who -- Harrison Schmitt, What -- Apollo 17, What -- Earth, What -- Taurus, What -- LACE, Where --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2974
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This video of a candle flame burning in space was taken by the Candle Flames in Microgravity (CFM) experiment on the Russian Mir space station. It is actually a composite of still photos from a 35mm camera since the video images were too dim. The images show a hemispherically shaped flame, primarily blue in color, with some yellow early int the flame lifetime. The actual flame is quite dim and difficult to see with the naked eye. Nearly 80 candles were burned in this experiment aboard Mir. NASA...
Topics: What -- Russian Mir Space Station, What -- Earth
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3894
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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During a Kennedy Space Center (KSC) briefing on the next day?s Apollo 11 launch, Emperor Haile Selassie of Ethiopia (with raised hand) asks a question of Rocco A. Petrone, director of launch operations at KSC. To the right of the emperor is astronaut Gordon Cooper and to his left is Dr. Kurt Debus, director of KSC. The first manned lunar launch occurred at 9:32 am on July 16, 1969. The crew included astronauts Neil A. Armstrong, commander; Michael Collins, Command Module (CM) pilot; and Edwin...
Topics: Who -- Gordon Cooper, Who -- Neil A. Armstrong, Who -- Michael Collins, What -- Apollo 11, What --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=4018
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Dr. Goddard's 1926 rocket configuration. Dr. Goddard's liquid oxygen-gasoline rocket was fired on March 16, 1926, at Auburn, Massachusetts. It flew for only 2.5 seconds, climbed 41 feet, and landed 184 feet away in a cabbage patch. From 1930 to 1941, Dr. Goddard made substantial progress in the development of progressively larger rockets, which attained altitudes of 2400 meters, and refined his equipment for guidance and control, his techniques of welding, and his insulation, pumps, and other...
Topic: Where -- Massachusetts
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1824
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Two scientists at NASA?s Marshall Space Flight Center, atmospheric scientist Paul Meyer and solar physicist Dr. David Hathaway, developed promising new software, called Video Image Stabilization and Registration (VISAR), which is illustrated in this Quick Time movie. VISAR is a computer algorithm that stabilizes camera motion in the horizontal and vertical as well as rotation and zoom effects producing clearer images of moving objects, smoothes jagged edges, enhances still images, and reduces...
Topic: Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3189
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Saturday Morning Science, the science of opportunity series of applied experiments and demonstrations, performed aboard the International Space Station (ISS) by Expedition 6 astronaut Dr. Don Pettit, revealed some remarkable findings. Growing salt crystals in a bottle of water is a favorite science activity for kids. In space, Dr. Pettit grew salt crystals in stretched films of water so that the salt water only fed the crystals around the edges rather than from all sides, as happens in a glass...
Topics: What -- Opportunity, What -- International Space Station (ISS)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3877
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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In this photograph, the U.S. Laboratory Module (also called Destiny) for the International Space Station (ISS) is shown under construction in the West High Bay of the Space Station manufacturing facility (building 4708) at the Marshall Space Flight Center. The U.S. Laboratory module is the centerpiece of the ISS, where science experiments will be performed in the near-zero gravity of space. The Destiny Module was launched aboard the Space Shuttle orbiter Atlantis (STS-98 mission) on February 7,...
Topics: What -- Destiny, What -- International Space Station (ISS), What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1603
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Ham, a three-year-old chimpanzee, in the spacesuit he would wear for the second Mercury- Redstone (MR-2) suborbital test flight in January, 1961. NASA used chimpanzees and other primates to test the Mercury capsule before launching the fisrt American astronaut, Alan Shepard, in May 1961. The Mercury capsule rode atop a modified Redstone rocket, developed by Dr. Wernher von Braun and the German Rocket Team in Huntsville, Alabama.
Topics: Who -- Alan B. Shepard, Jr., What -- Mercury, Where -- Alabama
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=991
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Engineers at the Marshall Space Flight Center install the F-1 engines on the S-IC stage thrust structure at the S-IC static test stand. Engines are installed on the stage after it has been placed in the test stand. Five F-1 engines, each weighing 10 tons, gave the booster a total thrust of 7,500,000 pounds, roughly equivalent to 160 million horsepower.
Topics: What -- Saturn, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1153
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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On December 17, 1903, two brothers from Dayton, Ohio, named Wilbur and Orville Wright, were successful in flying an airplane they built. Their powered aircraft flew for 12 seconds above the sand dunes of Kitty Hawk, North Carolina, making them the first men to pilot a heavier-than-air machine that took off on its own power, remained under control, and sustained flight.
Topics: Where -- Ohio, Where -- North Carolina
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1851
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The German Rocket Team, also known as the Von Braun Rocket Team, poses for a group photograph at Fort Bliss, Texas. After World War II ended in 1945, Dr. Wernher von Braun led some 120 of his Peenemuende Colleagues, who developed the V-2 rocket for the German military during the War, to the United Sttes under a contract to the U.S. Army Corps as part of Operation Paperclip. During the following five years the team worked on high altitude firings of the captured V-2 rockets at the White Sands...
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Topics: Where -- Texas, Where -- New Mexico, Where -- Alabama, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=840
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Cells cultured on Earth (left) typically settle quickly on the bottom of culture vessels due to gravity. In microgravity (right), cells remain suspended and aggregate to form three-dimensional tissue. The NASA Bioreactor provides a low turbulence culture environment which promotes the formation of large, three-dimensional cell clusters. The Bioreactor is rotated to provide gentle mixing of fresh and spent nutrient without inducing shear forces that would damage the cells. Due to their high...
Topics: What -- Earth, Where -- Johnson Space Center (JSC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2051
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Jules Verne published his first science fiction novel in 1865 called "From the Earth to the Moon." As shown here in an illustration, passengers in Verne's space ship enjoy their first taste of weightlessness.
Topics: What -- Jules Verne, What -- Earth, What -- Moon
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1880
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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A complete F-1 engine assembly is shown in this photograph. Designed and developed by Rocketdye under the direction of the Marshall Space Flight Center, the engine measured 19-feet tall by 12.5 feet at the nozzle exit, and each engine produced a 1,500,000-pound thrust using liquid oxygen and kerosene as the propellant. A cluster of five F-1 engines was mounted on the Saturn V S-IC (first) stage and burned 15 tons of liquid oxygen and kerosene each second to produce 7,500,000 pounds of thrust.
Topics: What -- Saturn, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1165
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This photograph depicts the Rocketdyne static firing of the F-1 engine at the towering 76-meter Test Stand 1-C in Area 1-125 of the Edwards Air Force Base in California. The Saturn V S-IC (first) stage utilized five F-1 engines for its thrust. Each engine provided 1,500,000 pounds, for a combined thrust of 7,500,000 pounds with liquid oxygen and kerosene as its propellants.
Topics: What -- Saturn, Where -- Edwards Air Force Base, Where -- California
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3325
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This 1967 illustration compares the Apollo Saturn V Spacecraft of the Moon Landing era to the Statue of Liberty located on Ellis Island in New York City. The Apollo Saturn V, at 363 feet towers above Lady Liberty, as the statue is called, standing at 305 feet.
Topics: What -- Saturn, What -- Moon, Where -- New York City
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3986
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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A test cell for Mechanics of Granular Materials (MGM) experiment is tested for long-term storage with water in the system as plarned for STS-107. This view shows the compressed sand column with the protective water jacket removed. Sand and soil grains have faces that can cause friction as they roll and slide against each other, or even cause sticking and form small voids between grains. This complex behavior can cause soil to behave like a liquid under certain conditions such as earthquakes or...
Topics: What -- STS-107, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Earth, Where -- Colorado
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=761
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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NASA engineers successfully tested a Russian-built rocket engine on November 4, 1998 at the Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) Advanced Engine Test Facility, which had been used for testing the Saturn V F-1 engines and Space Shuttle Main engines. The MSFC was under a Space Act Agreement with Lockheed Martin Astronautics of Denver to provide a series of test firings of the Atlas III propulsion system configured with the Russian-designed RD-180 engine. The tests were designed to measure the...
Topics: What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Saturn, What -- Atlas, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3176
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The instrument unit for the Saturn V launch vehicle, AS-506, used to propel the Apollo 11 lunar landing mission, is lowered into place atop the third (S-IVB) stage in the vehicle assembly building at the NASA Kennedy Space Center (KSC). Designed by the NASA Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC), the instrument unit served as the Saturn?s ?nerve center? providing guidance and control, command and sequence of vehicle functions, telemetry, and environmental control. The Apollo 11 mission launched...
Topics: Who -- Neil A. Armstrong, Who -- Michael Collins, What -- Saturn, What -- Apollo 11, What -- Earth,...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=4089
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Delco engineers are operating this Lunar Roving Vehicle (LRV) Trainer. Built by by Delco Electronics Division of the General Motors Corporation, the trainer was shipped to NASA?s Manned Spacecraft Center in Houston, Texas for an astronaut training program. Under the direction of Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC), the LRV was designed to allow Apollo astronauts a greater range of mobility during lunar exploration missions. The LRVs were deployed during the last three Apollo missions; Apollo...
Topics: What -- Apollo 15, What -- Apollo 16, What -- Apollo 17, Where -- Texas, Where -- Marshall Space...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3194
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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No human has ever witnessed a solar eclipse quite like the one captured on this video. The NASA STEREO-B spacecraft, managed by the Goddard Space Center, was about a million miles from Earth , February 25, 2007, when it photographed the Moon passing in front of the sun. The resulting movie looks like it came from an alien solar system. The fantastically-colored star is our own sun as STEREO sees it in four wavelengths of extreme ultraviolet light. The black disk is the Moon. When we observe a...
Topics: What -- STEREO A, What -- Earth, What -- Moon, What -- Sun, What -- Imager, What -- STEREO
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3988
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The urgency and importance of the Marshall Space Flight Center's mission in the 1960s was apparent from the begirning. It became even more apparent on April 12, 1962, when the Soviet cosmonaut, Yuri Gagarin, became the first man in space.
Topics: Who -- Yuri Gagarin, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1858
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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General Erich Fellgiebel, head of the German Army Information Service during World War II, congratulates members of the von Braun rocket team from Peenemunde for their October 3, 1942 A4 flight. Pictured front center is General Erich Fellgiebel. Shaking hands are General Walter Dornberger (left) and General Janssen, commanding officer of Peenemuende with Rudolph Hermarn to their right. Picture left to right in the back row are Wernher von Braun, Captain Stoelzel, Luftwaffe, and Dr. Gerhard...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1845
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The Saturn V vehicle, carrying the unmarned orbital workshop for the Skylab-1 mission, lifted off successfully and all systems performed normally. Sixty-three seconds into flight, engineers in the operation support and control center saw an unexpected telemetry indication that signalled that damages occurred on one solar array and the micrometeoroid shield during the launch. The micrometeoroid shield, a thin protective cylinder surrounding the workshop protecting it from tiny space particles...
Topics: What -- Saturn, What -- Skylab, What -- PARASOL, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1310
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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A close-up view of the Apollo 11 command service module ready to be mated with the spacecraft LEM adapter of the third stage. The towering 363-foot Saturn V was a multi-stage, multi-engine launch vehicle standing taller than the Statue of Liberty. Altogether, the Saturn V engines produced as much power as 85 Hoover Dams.
Topics: What -- Apollo 11, What -- Saturn
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=314
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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At its founding, the Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) inherited the Army?s Jupiter and Redstone test stands, but much larger facilities were needed for the giant stages of the Saturn V. From 1960 to 1964, the existing stands were remodeled and a sizable new test area was developed. The new comprehensive test complex for propulsion and structural dynamics was unique within the nation and the free world, and they remain so today because they were constructed with foresight to meet the future...
Topics: What -- Jupiter, What -- Saturn, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC), Where -- Alabama
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3784
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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U.S. President Richard Milhous Nixon (center), aboard the U.S.S. Hornet aircraft carrier, used binoculars to watch the Apollo 11 Lunar Mission Recovery. Standing next to the President is astronaut Frank Borman, Apollo 8 Commander. The recovery operation took place in the Pacific Ocean where Navy para-rescue men recovered the capsule housing the 3-man Apollo 11 crew. The crew was airlifted to safety aboard the U.S.S. Hornet where they were quartered in a Mobile Quarantine Facility (MQF) for 21...
Topics: Who -- Richard Milhous Nixon, Who -- Frank Borman, Who -- Neil A. Armstrong, Who -- Michael...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=4009
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Dr. von Braun, Dr. Weidner, and Ed Weaver examining a welding device during a tour of the MSFC Manufacturing and Engineering (ME) Laboratory on October 17, 1967.
Topic: Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=950
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Apollo 13 onboard photo: This view of the severely damaged Apollo 13 Service Module was photographed from the Lunar Module/Command Module following the jettison of the Service Module. As seen here, an entire panel of the Service Module was blown away by the apparent explosion of oxygen tank number two located in Sector 4 of the Service Module. Two of the three fuel cells are visible just forward (above) the heavily damaged area. Three fuel cells, two oxygen tanks, and two hydrogen tanks, are...
Topics: What -- Apollo 13, What -- Earth
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1948
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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H-1 engine major components with callouts (chart 1). The H-1 engine was used in a cluster of eight on the the first stage of Saturn I (S-I stage) and Saturn IB (S-IB stage). The engines were arranged in a double pattern: four engines, located inboard, were fixed in a square pattern around the stage axis, while the remaining four engines were located outboard in a larger square pattern and each outer engine was gimbaled. Each H-1 engine had a thrust of 188,000 pounds for a combined thrust of...
Topic: What -- Saturn
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=997
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This is a Space Shuttle Orbiter Atlantis (STS-46) onboard photo of the Tethered Satellite System (TSS-1) deployment. A cooperative development effort by the Italian Space Agency (ASI) and NASA, the Tethered Satellite System (TSS) made capable the deployment and retrieval of a satellite which is attached by a wire tether from distances up to 100 km from the Orbiter. These free-flying satellites are used as observation platforms outside of the Orbiter.
Topics: What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Atlantis, What -- STS-46, What -- WIRE
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2564
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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An STS-75 onboard photo of the Tethered Satellite System-1 Reflight (TSS-1R) atop its extended boom. The TSS-1R was a reflight of TSS-1, which was flown on the Space Shuttle in July/August, 1992. Building on the knowledge gained on the TSS-1 about tether dynamics, the TSS will circle the Earth at an altitude of 296 kilometers (184 miles), placing the tether system well within the rarefield, electrically charged layer of the atmosphere known as the ionosphere. The satellite was plarned to be...
Topics: What -- STS-75, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Earth, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1953
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This Quick Time movie shows the Space Shuttle Solid Rocket Booster (SRB) separation from the external tank (ET). After separation, the boosters fall to the ocean from which they are retrieved and refurbished for reuse. The Shuttle?s SRB?s and solid rocket motors (SRM?s) are the largest ever built and the first designed for refurbishment and reuse. Standing nearly 150-feet high, the twin boosters provide the majority of thrust for the first two minutes of flight, about 5.8 million pounds. That...
Topic: What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3188
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Two companies have successfully commercialized a specialized welding tool developed at the Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC). Friction stir welding uses the high rotational speed of a tool and the resulting frictional heat created from contact to crush, "stir" together, and forge a bond between two metal alloys. It has had a major drawback, reliance on a single-piece pin tool. The pin is slowly plunged into the joint between two materials to be welded and rotated as high speed. At...
Topic: Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1997
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Dr. Robert H. Goddard loading a 1918 version of the Bazooka of World War II. From 1930 to 1941, Dr. Goddard made substantial progress in the development of progressively larger rockets, which attained altitudes of 2400 meters, and refined his equipment for guidance and control, his techniques of welding, and his insulation, pumps, and other associated equipment. In many respects, Dr. Goddard laid the essential foundations of practical rocket technology
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=855
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Expedition Five crew members aboard the International Space Station (ISS) captured this overhead look at the smoke and ash regurgitated from the erupting volcano Mt. Etna on the island of Sicily, Italy in October 2002. Triggered by a series of earthquakes on October 27, 2002, this eruption was one of Etna's most vigorous in years. This image shows the ash plume curving out toward the horizon. The lighter-colored plumes down slope and north of the summit seen in this frame are produced by forest...
Topics: What -- International Space Station (ISS), Where -- Italy
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2567
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The STS-101 mission patch commemorates the third Space Shuttle flight supporting the assembly of the International Space Station (ISS). This flight's primary tasks were to outfit the ISS and extend its lifetime, to conduct a space walk to install external components in preparation for the docking of the Russian Service Module, Zvezda, and the arrival of the first ISS crew. The Space Shuttle is depicted in an orbit configuration prior to docking with the ISS. The ISS is depicted in the stage of...
Topics: What -- STS-101, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- International Space Station (ISS), What --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3396
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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To minimize the effects of weightlessness and partial gravity, astronauts use several counter measures to maintain health and fitness. One counter measure is exercise to help reduce or eliminate muscle atrophy and bone loss, and to improve altered cardiovascular function. This video shows astronauts on the International Space Station (ISS) using the stationary Cycle/ Ergometer Vibration Isolation System (CVIS), the Treadmill Vibration Isolation System (TVIS), and the resistance exercise device....
Topics: What -- International Space Station (ISS), What -- Moon, What -- Mars
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3968
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Outer dimensions of the International Standard Payload Rack (ISPR) that will be used on the International Space Station (ISS) sets the envelope for scientists designing hardware for experiments in biological and physical sciences aboard ISS. The ISPR includes attachments to ISS utilities (electrical power, heating and cooling, data, fluids, vacuum, etc.) through standoffs that hold the racks in place in the lab modules. Usage will range from facilities that take entire racks to specialized...
Topic: What -- International Space Station (ISS)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2074
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The Peenemunde Rocket Team reunited on the steps of Marshall Space Flight Center's (MSFC) Headquarter Building 4200 for a reunion. The Peenemunde Rocket team were first assembled in Germany prior to World War II. They came to the United States at the end of the War and became the nucleus of the United States Army's rocket program.
Topics: Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC), Where -- Germany, Where -- United States of America
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=462
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Dr. Wernher von Braun served as Marshall Space Flight Center's first director from July 1, 1960 until January 27, 1970, when he was appointed NASA Deputy Associate Administrator for Plarning. Following World War II, Dr. von Braun and his German colleagues arrived in the United States under Project Paperclip to continue their rocket development work. In 1950, von Braun and his rocket team were transferred from Ft. Bliss, Texas to Huntsville, Alabama to work for the Army's rocket program at...
Topics: What -- Saturn, What -- Moon, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC), Where -- United States...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=269
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Two scientists at NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center,atmospheric scientist Paul Meyer and solar physicist Dr. David Hathaway, developed promising new software, called Video Image Stabilization and Registration (VISAR). VISAR may help law enforcement agencies catch criminals by improving the quality of video recorded at crime scenes. In this photograph, the single frame at left, taken at night, was brightened in order to enhance details and reduce noise or snow. To further overcome the video...
Topic: Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1900
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Saturday Morning Science, the science of opportunity series of applied experiments and demonstrations, performed aboard the International Space Station (ISS) by Expedition 6 astronaut Dr. Don Pettit, revealed some remarkable findings. Inserting a bubble into a floating ball of water in space is difficult, as Pettit demonstrates in this video. Blowing the bubble is the easy part. Getting it to stay in the center of the ball of water is much more difficult. Watch the video to see the technique...
Topics: What -- Opportunity, What -- International Space Station (ISS)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3866
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The same rocket fuel that helps power the Space Shuttle as it thunders into orbit will now be taking on a new role, with the potential to benefit millions of people worldwide. Leftover rocket fuel from NASA is being used to make a flare that destroys land mines where they were buried, without using explosives. The flare is safe to handle and easy to use. People working to deactivate the mines simply place the flare next to the uncovered land mine and ignite it from a safe distance using a...
Topics: What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, Where -- Utah
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1904
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The cutaway drawing of the A-4 (Aggregate-4) rocket. Later renamed the V-2 (Vengeance Weapon-2), The rocket was developed by Dr. Wernher von Braun and the German rocket team at Peenemuende, Germany on the Baltic Sea. At the end of World War II, the team of German engineers and scientists came to the United States and continued rocket research for the Army at Fort Bliss, Texas, and Redstone Arsenal in Huntsville, Alabama.
Topics: Where -- Germany, Where -- Baltic Sea, Where -- United States of America, Where -- Texas, Where --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=859
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Marshall employees conduct tests on the simulated rendezvous docking mechanism (SRDM)as depicted in this photo of the flat floor area in building 4619.
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=468
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This image is of the Andromeda spiral galaxy as seen through an optical telescope.
Topic: What -- Andromeda
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1381
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This is a von Braun 1952 space station concept. In a 1952 series of articles written in Collier's, Dr. Wernher von Braun, then Technical Director of the Army Ordnance Guided Missiles Development Group at Redstone Arsenal, wrote of a large wheel-like space station in a 1,075-mile orbit. This station, made of flexible nylon, would be carried into space by a fully reusable three-stage launch vehicle. Once in space, the station's collapsible nylon body would be inflated much like an automobile...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1545
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Fuel ignites and burns in the Droplet Combustion Experiment (DCE) on STS-94 on July 4 1997, MET:2/05:40 (approximate). The DCE was designed to investigate the fundamental combustion aspects of single, isolated droplets under different pressures and ambient oxygen concentrations for a range of droplet sizes varying between 2 and 5 mm. DCE used various fuels -- in drops ranging from 1 mm (0.04 inches) to 5 mm (0.2 inches) -- and mixtures of oxidizers and inert gases to learn more about the...
Topics: What -- STS-94, What -- International Space Station (ISS), Where -- California
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2648
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The S-IC-T stage (static firing stage) is installed and awaits the first static firing of all five F-1 engines at the Marshall Space Flight Center S-IC static test stand. Constructed in 1964, the S-IC static test stand was designed and constructed to develop and test the first stage of the Saturn V launch vehicle that used five F-1 engines. Each F-1 engine developed 1,500,000 pounds of thrust for a total liftoff thrust of 7,500,000 pounds. To handle this research and development effort, the...
Topics: What -- Saturn, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC), Where -- Alabama
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1154
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The Saturn V configuration is shown in inches and meters as illustrated by the Boeing Company. The Saturn V vehicle consisted of three stages: the S-IC (first) stage powered by five F-1 engines, the S-II (second) stage powered by five J-2 engines, the S-IVB (third) stage powered by one J-2 engine. A top for the first three stages was designed to contain the instrument unit, the guidance system, the Apollo spacecraft, and the escape system. The Apollo spacecraft consisted of the lunar module,...
Topics: What -- Saturn, What -- Earth
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1090
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After 172 days and 268 million miles of deep space travel, the NASA Deep Impact spacecraft successfully reached out and touched comet Tempel 1. The collision between the coffee table-sized space probe and city-sized comet occurred July 4, 2005 at 12:52 a.m. CDT. Comprised of images taken by the targeting sensor aboard the impactor probe, this movie shows the spacecraft approaching the comet up to just seconds before impact. Mission scientists expect Deep Impact to provide answers to basic...
Topics: What -- Deep Impact, What -- Impactor, Where -- NASA Headquarters, Where -- Maryland, Where -- Jet...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3994
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In 1973, Skylab, America's first space station, was launched aboard a two-stage Saturn V vehicle. Saturn IB rockets were used to launch three different three-man crews to the Skylab space station.
Topics: What -- Skylab, What -- Saturn
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1968
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July 20, 2009 -- Marshall Space Flight Center employees, retirees and their families enjoy the exhibits at the Center's Apollo 40th anniversary event inside the Davidson Center for Space Exploration in Huntsville, Alabama. Image credit: NASA/MSFC/David Higginbotham
Topics: What -- Apollo 4, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC), Where -- Alabama
Source: http://www.nasa.gov/centers/marshall/moonmars/apollo40/apollo40_5965.html
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July 20, 2009 -- Marshall Space Flight Center employees, retirees and their families enjoy refreshments and entertainment at Marshallâs July 20, 2009 Apollo 40th anniversary event at the U.S. Space and Rocket Center in Huntsville, Alabama. Image credit: NASA/MSFC/David Higginbotham
Topics: What -- Apollo 4, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC), Where -- Alabama
Source: http://www.nasa.gov/centers/marshall/moonmars/apollo40/apollo40_5763.html
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An Atlas Centaur rocket (AC-S9) was launched from Cape Canaveral Air Force Station complex 36B carrying into orbit the Combined Release and Radiation Effects Satellite (CRRES) spacecraft. CRRES was a joint NASA/Air Force mission to study the effects of chemical release on the Earth?s atmosphere and magnetosphere.
Topics: What -- Atlas, What -- Centaur, What -- CRRES
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3354
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This Quick Time movie is an animation of a pulsar star. A pulsar is a rotating neutron star formed when a large ordinary star explodes as a supernova and then collapses.
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3175
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Saturday Morning Science, the science of opportunity series of applied experiments and demonstrations, performed aboard the International Space Station (ISS) by Expedition 6 astronaut Dr. Don Pettit, revealed some remarkable findings. Imagine what would happen if a collection of loosely attractive particles were confined in a relatively small region in the floating environment of space. Would they self organize into a compact structure, loosely organize into a fractal, or just continue to float...
Topics: What -- Opportunity, What -- International Space Station (ISS), What -- Hubble Space Telescope (HST)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3882
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July 20, 2009 -- Astronaut (STS-73) Fred Leslie autographs a Space Shuttle model at Marshall Space Flight Center's July 20, 2009 Apollo 40th anniversary event at the U.S. Space and Rocket Center in Huntsville, Alabama. Image credit: NASA/MSFC/David Higginbotham
Topics: What -- STS-73, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Apollo 4, Where -- Marshall Space Flight...
Source: http://www.nasa.gov/centers/marshall/moonmars/apollo40/apollo40_6041.html
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This Quick Time movie depicts the animation of a Magnetar, a neutron star with a magnetic field billions of times stronger than any other previously known in the universe.
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3173
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Astronaut Paul W. Richards, STS-102 mission specialist, works in the cargo bay of the Space Shuttle Discovery during the second of two scheduled space walks. Richards, along with astronaut Andy Thomas, spent 6.5 hours outside the International Space Station (ISS), continuing work to outfit the station and prepare for delivery of its robotic arm. STS-102 delivered the first Multipurpose Logistics Modules (MPLM) named Leonardo, which was filled with equipment and supplies to outfit the U.S....
Topics: Who -- Paul W. Richards, What -- STS-102, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Discovery, What --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2841
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Two scientists at NASA?s Marshall Space Flight Center,atmospheric scientist Paul Meyer and solar physicist Dr. David Hathaway, developed promising new software, called Video Image stabilization and Registration (VISAR), which is illustrated in this Quick Time movie. VISAR is a computer algorithm that stabilizes camera motion in the horizontal and vertical as well as rotation and zoom effects producing clearer images of moving objects, smoothes jagged edges, enhances still images, and reduces...
Topic: Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3190
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In this Quick Time movie, a scientist examines what appears to be a tornado vortex (blue) coming out of a thunderstorm. The scientist uses 3D glasses to be able to see in 3 dimensions the different flows going out into the vortex. Earth science and weather studies are an important ongoing function of NASA and its affiliates.
Topic: What -- Earth
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3177
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This is a view of the Saturn V S-IVB (third) stage for the AS-209 (Apollo-Soyuz test project backup vehicle) on a transporter in the right foreground, and the S-IVB stage for AS-504 (Apollo 9 mission) being installed in the Beta Test Stand 1 at the SACTO facility in California. After the S-II (second) stage dropped away, the S-IVB (third) stage ignited and burned for about two minutes to place itself and the Apollo spacecraft into the desired Earth orbit. At the proper time during this Earth...
Topics: What -- Saturn, What -- Apollo 9, What -- Earth, What -- Moon, Where -- California, Where --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1109
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Midmorning proved the perfect time for a Space Shuttle launch as the thunderstorms that characteristically develop later in the day during hot Florida summers held off long enough to allow a flawless liftoff for the Space Shuttle Columbia (STS-78) and her crew of seven and the Life and Microgravity Spacelab (LMS), managed by Marshall Space Flight Center. During the 17 day spaceflight, the crew conducted a diverse slate of experiments divided into a mix of life science and microgravity...
Topics: What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Columbia, What -- STS-78, What -- International Space...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=554
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Saturday Morning Science, the science of opportunity series of applied experiments and demonstrations, performed aboard the International Space Station (ISS) by Expedition 6 astronaut Dr. Don Pettit, revealed some remarkable findings. In this video clip, Dr. Pettit demonstrates a spilling phenomenon with films of water. After drawing a 100-200 micron thick film of pure water, which is impossible to do on Earth, Dr. Pettit oscillates the film back and forth like a drum head, forcing the water...
Topics: What -- Opportunity, What -- International Space Station (ISS), What -- Earth
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3874
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Marshall Space Flight Center?s (MSFC) Dr. Ernst Stuhlinger, Director of Research Projects Office; and Dr. Wernher von Braun, center director, along with others, took a swim in the Neutral Buoyancy Simulator (NBS) at MSFC. A safety diver adjusts scuba equipment worn by von Braun, while Stuhlinger adjusts his weight belt prior to entering the tank. In the NBS, subjects were weighted to a neutrally buoyant condition underwater to perform and practice tasks in a simulated weightless condition as...
Topic: Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3239
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The Saturn V first stages were test fired at the Mississippi Test Facility and at the Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC). Five F-1 engines powered the first stage, each developing 1.5 million pounds of thrust. The first stage, known as the S-IC stage, burned over 15 tons of propellant per second during its 2.5 minutes of operation to take the vehicle to a height of about 36 miles and to a speed of about 6,000 miles per hour. The stage was 138 feet long and 33 feet in diameter. This photograph...
Topics: What -- Saturn, Where -- Mississippi, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1863
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This photograph is a view of the Saturn V S-IC (first) test stage being hoisted into the S-IC-B1 test stand at the Mississippi Test Facility (MTF), Bay St. Louis, Mississippi. This stage was used to prove the operational readiness of the stand. Begirning operations in 1966, the MTF has two test stands; a dual-position structure for running the S-IC stage at full throttle, and two separate stands for the S-II (Saturn V third) stage. It became the focus of the static test firing program. The...
Topics: What -- Saturn, Where -- Mississippi, Where -- Michoud Assembly Facility (MAF), Where -- Kennedy...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1164
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This Quick Time movie depicts the Rocketdyne static test of an air-breathing rocket. Air-breathing engines, known as rocket based, combined-cycle engines, get their initial take-off power from specially designed rockets, called air-augmented rockets, that boost performance about 15 percent over conventional rockets. When the vehicle?s velocity reaches twice the speed of sound, the rockets are turned off and the engine relies totally on oxygen in the atmosphere to burn hydrogen fuel, as opposed...
Topic: Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3178